ABS 3D Printing Filament

While ABS 3D Printing Filament is stronger and harder than PLA, it requires a higher melting point and consistent temperature distribution along the geometry of an object. As a result, a heated build platform is used to prevent uneven shrinkage, layer distortion, or warping. ABS is petroleum based & emits fumes during printing, so an enclosed build area or proper ventilation is required. While it has its 3D printing nuances, ABS is an extremely durable, reliable, and sturdy material used across multiple industries. It’s tough, glossy (with appropriate finishing) surface also provides a longer service life for parts. ABS 3D Printing Filament is however sensitive to prolonged exposure to sunlight, which can degrade its characteristics over time.

Once upon a time, ABS 3D Printing Filament was the most popular 3D printer filament. This thermoplastic is cheap, durable, slightly flexible, lightweight, and it can be easily extruded — which makes it perfect for 3D printing.

ABS 3D Printing Filament

DID YOU KNOW? It’s also the same plastic used in LEGO bricks and bicycle helmets.

ABS is short acrylonitrile – butadiene – styrene. It is widely used, and has been a very popular plastic prosumer 3D printing development from the beginning. It is at about 225 degrees Celsius, which can be easily and with small electronic home security agreement melted. It is relatively strong, somewhat flexible about 100 degrees and having a relatively high “glass transition temperature.” This is a plastic to which of the above solid state from its flexible state, it can loose its temperature shape. These features mean that ABS is well suited for printing three-dimensional functional parts such as machine spare parts or objects are exposed to high temperatures, such as sunlight or hot water.

ABS is soluble in acetone and this characteristic is sometimes used to print on a smooth three dimensional surface. Sanding an ABS printing, and then wipe with acetone will dissolve the outer layer, the printed layer substantially by reducing visibility smoothing it. To take advantage of this, you smooth printing technology with acetone vapor should be “Do not try this at home” warning, but otherwise gives a matte ABS prints very shiny.

Features

  • Primary benefits are high strength, durability, impact resistance and toughness
  • Ideal for moving parts, automotive parts, electronic housing and toys
  • High durability
  • Flexibility is low, with minor bending before snapping
  • Soluble in Acetone
  • Not considered food safe
  • General print temperature range is 210°C – 250°C
  • Shrinkage during cooling, enclosed chamber recommended to control cooling speed
  • Heated bed at 50°C – 100°C recommended
  • Printing difficulty is moderate, requires fine-tuning of bed and nozzle temperature

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Item ABS 3D Printing Filament
Primary Benefit High Strength, Durability, Impact Resistance, Toughness
Ideal for Moving Parts, Automotive Parts, Electronic Housing, Toys
Durability High Durability
Flexibility Low Flexibility, Minor Bending Before Snapping
Soluble Yes, In Acetone
Food Safe Not Considered Food Safe
General Print Tempo Range 210℃-250℃
Shrinkage During Cool Yes, Enclosed Chamber Recommended to Control Cooling Speed
Heated Bed Recommended Yes 50℃-100℃
Size of Prints Variable Size Limited by Print Chamber
Printing Difficulty Moderate: Requires Fine Tuning Bed and Nozzle Temperature
Colors Available Wide Variety Dozens of Colors
Translucent Options Available Yes Limited Availability
Glow in the dark Options Available Yes

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